Elena Tresh Foundation Florida
Digital Video Tutorial - CREATIVE CAMERA TECHNIQUES
DAY FOR NIGHT - Use a blue filter and underexpose
DEPTH OF FIELD
PULL FOCUS - this is when the camera switches focus between
a subject that is foreground and background.
- The amount of stage that is in focus, measured in feet or
metres. This is determined by aperture and amount of zoom(or lens
- Maximum depth of field is when aperture is smallest and at
widest angle. You need lots of light for this. E.g. Citizen
- Narrow Depth of Field (large aperture and zoomed right in) is
used in soapies to get that soft out of focus background look. E.g.
Days of Our Lives.
- Basic Shots = Wide Shot(WS) ,Long shot(LS) , Mid Shot(MS) ,
Medium Close Up (MCU) , Close Up (CU) , Big Close Up
- Over The Shoulder(OTS), 2 Shot ( 2 people in shot)
- Watch Headroom, nose room ( allow space in front of nose
when subject in ¾ profile)
- Rule of Thirds - square and balanced in center is
- Subjective Shot - from the Point of View(POV) of one of
- Objective - POV of the camera or unseen observer.
- High angle - from above. - will make the subject seem to
be "looked down upon".
- Low Angle - from below - we "look up to" the subject
- Dolly Shot - camera moves in
- Tracking Shot - camera moves lateral to subject.
- Single Camera Shoot - all action is shot with 1 camera ,
out of sequence
- Multiple Camera Shoot - Action is shot with 2 or more
cameras(at different angles) at same time .
- MASTER SHOT - A shot that is wide enough to cover all
the important action in a scene. The master is usually the first to
be shot and serves as a safety to cover any missing shots.
Additional closer shots of the action are then recorded usually
from new angles.
- COVERAGE - The alternate camera angles and setups,
beyond the basic requirements of the shot list give the director
maximum flexibility during the editing process. General procedure
is to shoot an establishing master shot, group shots, and
individual medium and close-ups shots of each actor. So for example
if there were 2 actors in a static scene, the first master shot
would be a 2 shot LS followed by a 2shot MS, and then CU actor 1,
then CU actor 2. Coverage could involve OTS shots of both
- CROSSING THE LINE - selecting a camera view that is on
the opposite line of action that has been established(usually at
180 degrees to actors line of sight). Crossing the line would cause
the viewer to become confused because spatial relationships have
- Intro shot of interviewer = MS( can be single & pan to
subject or 2 shot)
- Shoot subject answering questions = MCU
- DA writes down questions. MCU interviewer asking
- Shoot noddies & WS of interviewer & subject, talking
- Shoot Outro